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Allergic Disorders of the Eye

Individuals with allergic conjunctivitis develop allergy antibodies (IgE) targeted against allergens including pollen, animal proteins, dust mites, mold, and insect droppings. When these IgE antibodies bind allergens, conjunctival inflammation can occur resulting in recurrent eye symptoms of:
- Itching
- Redness


Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction. 

Individuals who experience anaphylaxis usually develop allergy antibodies (IgE) targeted against allergen.


Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung condition that usually starts in childhood but can occur at any age. In this condition, the airways narrow and swell resulting in recurrent symptoms of:
- Coughing
- Wheezing (whistling expiratory noise when breathing)

Atopic & Contact Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory skin disorder that usually starts at age < 5 years. It is characterized by itchy skin that becomes inflamed with scratching. For this reason, atopic dermatitis is known as the “itch that rashes”.

Chronic Cough

Chronic cough refers to a cough that persists for greater than 2 months in duration.

Allergists are considered the experts in evaluating and managing chronic cough. Allergists can complete allergy skin tests and breathing tests as well as order and interpret other tests that may be relevant to your chronic cough.

Drug Allergy

Drug allergy is defined as a non-predictable adverse drug reaction that is immunologically mediated.

There are several different immunologic mechanisms responsible for the development of drug allergy.

Eosinophilia & Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders (EGIDs)

Eosinophilia represents an abnormal elevation in eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in peripheral blood or tissue.

Allergists are experts in eosinophilia and diagnose this condition by history, exam, and tests.

Food Allergy

Food allergy affects 5% of children and 4% of adults in the United States and is defined as an adverse health event that is immune mediated and occurs reproducibly.

Individuals with IgE mediated food allergy develop allergy antibodies (IgE) targeted against food allergens.

Insect Sting Hypersensitivity

Individuals with insect sting allergy develop allergy antibodies (IgE) targeted against insect venom allergens. When these IgE antibodies bind venom after an insect sting, an allergic reaction develops ranging in mild (large local reaction) to life-threatening severity (systemic allergic reaction). 

Latex Allergy

Latex is produced by rubber trees and is associated with several adverse reactions including:
- Allergy (allergy antibody dependent)
- Contact Allergic Dermatitis
- Irritant Dermatitis

Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are soft, painless, non-cancerous inflammatory growths of the mucous membrane lining of the nose and sinus. 

Nasal polyps are peeled grape-like in appearance and can hang down from the nose.


Rhinitis refers to nasal inflammation.
Symptoms of rhinitis include:
- Sneezing
- Runny Nose
- Congestion
- Itching


Sinusitis refers to inflammation of the sinuses and is one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions in the US. Sinuses are hollow, air filled cavities in the skull located in the nose, the cheeks of the face, the forehead, and behind the eyes.

Urticaria & Angioedema

Urticaria, also known as “hives” or “welts,” is a fleeting, itchy, red, raised rash with a mosquito bite like appearance. 

Causes of or associations to urticaria include:
- Allergy (food, medication, insect sting, latex, other)

Vaccine Allergy

Vaccination is an important tool in the prevention of disease.

Unfortunately, adverse reactions to vaccination occur and can include:
- Local Site
- Allergic
- Other

Vocal Cord Dysfunction

Vocal cord dysfunction is a condition in which the vocal cords abnormally close during inhalation, or exhalation.

Symptoms of vocal cord dysfunction include:
- Shortness of Breath
- Wheezing