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Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are soft, painless, non-cancerous inflammatory growths of the mucous membrane lining of the nose and sinus. 

Nasal polyps are peeled grape-like in appearance and can hang down from the nose.

Patients with nasal polyps often complain of a persistent cold with symptoms including:

  • Nasal Congestion
  • Decreased Sense of Smell
  • Mouth Breathing
  • Runny Nose

The cause of nasal polyps is not known but is speculated to be secondary to chronic inflammation. Accordingly, conditions causing chronic airway inflammation are frequently associated with nasal polyps.

Conditions associated with nasal polyps include:

  • Allergic Fungal Rhinosinusitis
  • Aspirin Sensitivity (also includes other NSAIDS)
  • Asthma
  • Chronic Rhinosinusitis
  • Cilia Dyskinetic Syndrome
  • Churg-Strauss
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Rhinitis
  • Young Syndrome

The role of allergies in the development of nasal polyps is controversial. Several studies show that the development of nasal polyps occurs more frequently in patients with non-allergic rhinitis and non-allergic asthma than in patients with allergic disease.

Allergists are experts in nasal polyps and diagnose this condition by history, exam, rhinoscopy, and imaging if necessary.  

The goals in the treatment of nasal polyps are to prevent recurrence and improve nasal symptoms.

Treatment includes:

  • Topical and/or Oral Steroids
  • Aspirin Desensitization (if applicable in cases of aspirin sensitivity)
  • Other Medications
  • Surgery

By visiting an Allergist, you too can take control of your nasal polyps and improve your quality of life.