Food and Environmental Immunotherapy
For decades there were few options for patients concerning treating food allergies other than allergen avoidance and carrying an epinephrine auto-injector for treatment of allergic reactions related to accidental exposure. Recently, there have been breakthroughs in therapies in the form of oral immunotherapy (OIT) that may potentially change one’s sensitivity to food allergen.
Allergy drops, and tablets are two forms of sublingual immunotherapy that are injection-free alternatives to allergy shots. Both contain environmental allergen such as pollen, dust mites, molds, cat, or dog (tablets contain grass or ragweed only as of early 2015) and are placed under the tongue with the goal to modify the immune system’s response to allergens in an effort to minimize and/or prevent an allergen initiated inflammatory response.