Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction.
Individuals who experience anaphylaxis usually develop allergy antibodies (IgE) targeted against allergen. When these IgE antibodies bind allergen, a systemic allergic reaction can occur (typically within minutes to a few hours) resulting in symptoms of:
- Hives, Itching, Flushing
- Swelling of Lips, Tongue, and/or Throat
- Nasal Congestion and/or Runny Nose
- Cough, Wheeze, Shortness of Breath, Chest Tightness
- Abdominal Cramps, Vomiting, Diarrhea
- Lightheadedness and/or Passing Out (Low Blood Pressure)
Potential causes of anaphylaxis include:
- Food Allergy
- Insect Sting Allergy
- Drug Allergy
- Latex Allergy
- Mast Cell Disorder
- Progesterone Mediated
Allergists are considered the experts in anaphylaxis and diagnose this condition by history and tests.
The goals in the evaluation and treatment of anaphylaxis are to identify allergenic triggers of anaphylaxis, avoid such triggers, and in the case of accidental exposure, appropriately manage an adverse allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis.
By visiting an allergist, you too can reduce your risk of experiencing recurrent anaphylaxis.